Yahya Sinwar: Who is the leader of Hamas in Gaza?

Yahya Sinwar is missing. Not surprisingly, thousands of Israeli soldiers, aided by drones, electronic surveillance equipment and communications, are trying to pinpoint their location.

Sinwar, with snow-white hair and black eyebrows, is the leader of the Hamas political faction in Gaza and one of Israel's most wanted fugitives.

He will be held jointly responsible for the October 7 attacks in southern Israel that killed some 1,200 people and kidnapped more than 200 others.

In early October, Israel Defense Forces (IDF) spokesman Rear Admiral Daniel Hagari said: "Yahya Sinwar was great... He is dead."


"This heinous attack was chosen by Yahya Sinwar," said IDF Chief of Staff Herzi Halevi. "He and all his men will die."

Among them was Mohammed Deif, the late leader of Hamas's Izzeddin al-Qassam Brigades.

Hugh Lovatt, a senior fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), believes that Deif was the mastermind of the October 7 attack because it was a military operation and Sinwar "was responsible for the creation and influence Part of the organization.”

Israel believes that Hamas deputy leader Ismail Haniyeh Sinwar is underground, hiding with guards near Gaza, speaking without fear of being followed. That's it.

Raised and imprisoned His parents are from Ahaakron but became refugees after what Palestinians call "al-Naqba" (the terror), the 1948 war that followed the creation of Israel and saw many Palestinians leave their ancestral homes in Palestine.

The education he received. Graduated from Khan Younis Boys' High School and then from the Islamic University of Gaza with a bachelor's degree in Arabic.




Photos of Israeli children at a rally in Tel Aviv

Khan Younis was a supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood at the time, according to the group's researcher Ehud Yaari. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy interviewed Sinwar four times in prison.

The Islamist movement, Yari said, "was a large group of young people who went to mosques in poverty in refugee camps" and later became like Hamas.

In 1982, 19-year-old Sinwar was first arrested by Israel for "Islamic activities" and was arrested again in 1985. During this time, he won the trust of Hamas founder Sheikh Ahmed Yassin.

Kobi Michael, a senior researcher at the Institute for National Security Studies in Tel Aviv, said the two countries will be "closer". This relationship with the organization's spiritual leadership later gave Shinwar a "halo effect" within the organization, Michael said.

Two years after Hamas was founded in 1987, it formed al-Majd, an organization concerned about internal security. He was only 25 years old at the time.

Al-Majd is notorious for punishing those suspected of serious crimes - Michael says he searches for heroes through "sex videos" - and has arrested and killed people suspected of collaborating with Israel.



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A mural depicting the late Hamas spiritual leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassin.

Yaari (Yaari) means, Yaari's mural. He carried out "brutal killings" of many people suspected of being supporters of Israel. "Some of them were his hands and he was proud of them, talking about them to me and others."

According to Israeli authorities, he later agreed to punish an alleged journalist by asking his brother to kill him with a shovel instead of a shovel Buried alive.

"He's the kind of guy who's able to gather followers, fans, and a lot of people who are just afraid of him and don't want to fight him," Yari said.

In 1988, Sinwar allegedly kidnapped and killed two Israeli soldiers. That same year he was arrested and charged by Israel with the murder of 12 Palestinians and sentenced to life in prison.

Years in Prison

Sinwar spent most of his adult life - more than 22 years - in an Israeli prison from 1988 to 2011. reserve. .

"He was able to rule his kingdom with brutality and force," Ari said. He established himself as a leader among the prisoners, negotiated with prison authorities on their behalf, and enforced prisoner discipline.

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There were armed men on stage as Sinwar spoke at a 2021 rally

The Israeli government monitored Sinwar during his detention, saying his ability to endure " Bad and cruel". Cunning and cunning, content with a little... Even in prison with other prisoners keeping secrets... he could transport people ".

Yari, captured during this encounter, assessed Sinvar that he was mentally ill. "[But] it's wrong to say, 'Sinwar is a psycho, stop it,' about Sinwar," he said, "because you're missing a very different, complicated picture."

Ari said that he was "very smart, clever - a man who knew how to change and eliminate any personal happiness".

When Sinwar told him that Israel must be destroyed and insisted that there should be no place for Jews in Palestine, "he laughed, 'Maybe just you'".

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When Sinwar was in prison, Sinwar knew how to read Israel newspaper. Yari said Sinwar always liked to talk to him in Hebrew, even though Yari preferred Arabic.

"He wanted to improve Hebrew," Ari said. "I think they wanted more from the Hebrew speakers than the prison guards."

Sinwar was released in 2011 as part of a deal that freed 1,027 Palestinian and Israeli prisoners to In exchange for another IDF soldier, Gilad Shalit.

Shalit has always been

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